The citizen to be able to place itself in the gift, power to exert its paper as agent politician, social and cultural, needs to know its past, establishing with it a relation mediated for the critical one. This paper is destined socially to the historian, is for this and therefore that our profession exists. The right to the memory, the right to a problematizadora relation with the past is that it makes of the historian an indispensable professional to the society contemporary and that demands that its profession is recognized, institutionalized and treated with the had legal and social recognition. At our time the shock between History and Literature lasts. The historians understand as being its duty the narrative of the past. For in such a way, they need to use itself of the literary sort thus to be able to make it. In this point they face the hard one criticizes of the cronistas that say that the historians do not know to make History. In against departure the historians they talk back affirming that the cronistas also do not know it and still they possess the aggravating one not to have arcabouo theoretician to perceive the importance of the narrative to count the past. In way to this impasse we invoke the logical reasoning and arrazador of Durval Muniz de Albuquerque Jnior, who as well as Foucault, is one of these ' ' sujeitos' ' disturbers of the good scientific order, of that if they place between dogmtico sleep and the epistemolgica vigil to only provoke the controversy, and thus make it in its book ' ' History? the Art To invent the Passado' '. In the first part of this book, Durval Muniz says that History possesss objects and citizens manufactures because them, invent them, as well as a river invents its course and its edges when passing.