Being that the initiatives of the actions of security are of responsibility being able of them public and of the society (BRAZIL, 2002). The article, ethics and the public welfare and private flame attention for the dichotomy enters two models of social welfare a footwear in the ethics of the solidarity that estimates the accomplishment of the basic right the social welfare must take care of to the bedding of the dignity of the person human being and to another one, the providence model to complement of established individual capitalizaton in financial reserves (saving) that it lowers the level of the solidarity of the social welfare of the public servers directs and it for the privatization (DORNELES, 2010). Therefore this last model burla the basic right the social welfare that materialize the value of the dignity of the person human being. Theoretician is the essential resources that he contributes to analyze the reality and to project action to intervine in the reality of critical and creative form, associate to the knowledge production, is what he guarantees to the professional the capacity of the unit thought and action. Finally, to argue the performance of the social assistant in the social welfare demands that the professional just does not lose the dimension of its action and the relation of its work with the search of a societrio project and igualitrio. Demanding the understanding of the politics providence inside of the capitalist logic, with the adoption of concepts that has as direction desvelamento of the apparent one and immediate and the commitment with the magnifying of the rights. This means to defend the Social Service as right of the using population. BRAZIL references, Ministry of the Social welfare.