Polyester fiber (Polyester) Polyester fiber was first used for the production of carpets in the 60 years of this century. Its use depended on some technical issues of color. Today, with the help of expensive pigments resistance to staining can be greatly reduced, and for certain types of polyester fibers altogether. With respect to wear this fiber is significantly lagging behind the pa. Fiber looks like a coat. In some cases, possible blend with polyamide to improve the properties of products manufactured from the resulting fiber. Depending on the additives polyester can be shiny or matte. Polyester fibers are particularly suitable for the comfort-species carpet with a sufficient mass of the pile.
Acrylic fiber in the 50-ies acrylic occupied a significant place in the market since glassware remarkably similar to wool. But, unfortunately, acrylic can be painted with the help of some modern painting technologies that reduce production costs. This material is increasingly being used in North America and in Europe its use is mostly limited to the production of rugs, mats of mixed with polypropylene fibers. Acrylic – a soft and malleable material to the touch like wool, cheap enough to manufacture, but it tends to be sliding into dumplings (balls), so the rugs from such fibers require more frequent cleaning. The use of acrylic fibers allows for an elegant imitation fur with a recommendation to use a home (not office) area.
Acrylic has a high resistance to abrasion, which significantly lower than that of products made of polyamide. Therefore, it is often used in combination with other fibers such as polyamide, which greatly increases the stability of the carpet to wear. Wool Sheep Wool – the most traditional fiber for carpets. Everyone knows that Australia – the largest producer of wool in the world. However, this is only true for wool, used for upholstery fabrics and clothing, and wool for manufacture of carpets produced, mainly in New Zealand and the uk. Quality of wool depends on what part of the body with the sheep she was taken, from health and nutrition, sheep, climatic conditions under which they grown. All this explains the importance of careful sorting of wool before reuse. After sorting, the wool must be cleaned and washed to remove dust, dirt and natural oils. Only after this Wool fibers can be spun. Wool yarn is composed of individual hairs, spun into a continuous thread. The quality of the carpet depends not only on the type of wool, but also on the method of spinning. Poor-quality wool yarn strongly comb, and a carpet of it may be 'bald'. The undoubted advantages of wool carpet include: strength (including resilience), elasticity of the pile, Low thermal conductivity, and high fire indicators. Disadvantages: High cost, exposure to the accumulation of static charge pyatnostoykost low, and exposure to moths and mildew. Also, wool carpets, unlike synthetic fibers, harder to color, so products made from pure wool mainly natural, quiet tones. Modern manufacturers of woolen carpets have learned to partially compensate for some of the above shortcomings natural fiber expertise. Using special stain-resistant, antistatic and protivomolevye impregnated cloth. The combination of wool and synthetic fibers (usually – 80% wool and 20% nylon) allows, while maintaining the advantages of natural cover, increase the durability of the carpet.