The present assay searchs to carry through one brief quarrel regarding the hdricas politics as strategy of development for the Cear. It is looked to know which the forms of relation between State and society that are ece of fishes, and which strategies had been adopted in its planning to take care of diverse and conflicting interests, between different social groups. One in accordance with perceives that the institucional mechanisms and technician used by the State by means of the DNOCS, with the construction of first dams, as the Cedar, the Ors, the Banabui, passing for the intervention of the SUDENE, with the creation of irrigation projects until arriving at the current days, the hdricas politics have been directed for diverse sectors, taking care of the economic and social demands that if modified the historical context in accordance with. Initially, the politics were of federal scope and were directed for the actions of confrontation of the estiagens, not having intervention on the part of the units of the federacy in regards to these questions. Later, projects of irrigation and exploitation of the water of dams in the agricultural way are initiated, with entrance of external and internal financings. With the social changes and politics that follow the Brazilian history, they are created half of prescribed and managing waters of state domain, of form that the Cear can intervine with its legislation and its institucional body, using of the knowledge technician in the management process. Each time more works the question of the water as a strategical resource capable to endow the Cear with the fixtures (SAINTS, 2006) which would favor the expansion and the economic growth of the State, giving to it endorsement for attraction of internal and external investments, and becoming it prominence in national scope for its practical of management hdricas considered by the agencies of international financing, as being coherent and consolidated (AMARAL SON, 2003).